The R programming language is a free software implementation of S programming language, and it is largely compatible with it. It is a GNU project and it is most popular language for statistics and data science, rivaled only by Python. Today we will install the R and R Studio IDE on Centos 7 server. This would allow you to do number crunching on the remote server from your laptop without compromising the battery life.
Creating non-root user for R Studio
First thing we need to do is add user. The R studio is not designed to be used by root, so we will make non-root user with sudo rights.
We will crate password for new user
And add user to wheel group so he can use sudo
usermod -aG wheel miki
Finally log in as new user
Installing R and R Studio
After logging in a s non root we continue with installing the R. The R software is present in repository known as EPEL, or Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux. Lets add that repository
sudo yum install epel-release
Next we will install R software
sudo yum install R
This will install lots and lots of software that are dependencies of R. It might take some time. Next we move to install of the server IDE, rstudio-server. We will download it from the site
And then install it
sudo yum install --nogpgcheck rstudio-server-rhel-1.0.44-x86_64.rpm
It will immediately start the service, so lets check if it is running correctly
systemctl status rstudio-server.service
Like we see it is running fine so we can proceed to connecting to the server. The address would be ip of your server and port 8787, like this
http://youriporhosname:8787/. When you connect you will get a login screen like this
You log in with your non-root Linux user that you have created. After logging in, you would get to IDE like this
Adding packages from CRAN
On above picture we see the R prompt where you can type commands. This commands will execute as non-root user. When you want to add new packages from CRAN ( Comprehensive R Archive Network) you generally need to use root user. That way you will have packages usable for all users, while when adding as non-root, you will be able to use it only as that user. You can add packages as root outside of IDE, type sudo -i R on your server bash shell logged in as user. As we are going to add packages that are not entirely written in R, we need to add build tools first
sudo yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
Then we can log in to R prompt
sudo -i R
And there type the following to install package we need:
You will get prompted for the mirror from where to fetch the package. Choose which is closest to you.
--- Please select a CRAN mirror for use in this session ---
HTTPS CRAN mirror
1: 0-Cloud [https] 2: Algeria [https]
3: Australia (Melbourne) [https] 4: Australia (Perth) [https]
5: Austria [https] 6: Belgium (Ghent) [https]
7: Brazil (RJ) [https] 8: Brazil (SP 1) [https]
9: Bulgaria [https] 10: Canada (MB) [https]
After package is fetched, it will compile it and we can move to next package we need
This time you wont get prompted for mirror, as previous choice got saved. After all this is installed, we can go back to the IDE in our browser.
Making the Statistical graph in R-Studio
As an example, we are going to make a graph of Hat stock first load the library you are going to use
Add environment variable
data <- new.env()
And plot data
We have successfully installed the R studio and R programming language to remote server. This enables you to do serious number crunching when you are on the go, and it is more practical than heating your laptop. Minimum requirements for installation are 1GB of ram and one core, but you normally want many cores and lots of ram, or else why would you run server? If you want to learn more about R, good place to start is official R manuals. This is all for today, thank you for reading.
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Filed Under : LINUX HOWTO