In the previous article we have covered how to install pfsense and this would be a continuation of that . After installing the pfSense system you probably will be asked to configure network interfaces. If it happen you will see something like this
Here you must setup at less one interface. Type a name of interface from the list above. Your list elements will be different. This is normal.
Then appear proposal to type the VLAN tag. This tag is needed for distinguish between multiple interfaces. Select any value from range (1-4094).
Thats all. You may restart you system and get
As you see, there is description of network interfaces before the list of available actions. Get IP of interface and keep it in mind.
Now you can go to https://<ip-of-interface-from-previous-paragraph> using any browser. In current case it is https://192.168.1.118. Remember that you must perform this action from one network with the pfSense device. After this you will come to web-interface of pfSense.
By default login is admin and password is pfsense. Login and password are in lowercase.
After first login you will meet a wizard.
Firstly you will be asked about hostname, domain and DNS.
Fill these fields and tap the “Next” button.
After that you will see a screen with time and timezone settings.
Fill in the values corresponding to your region and tap “Next”.
Then will appear "Wide Area Network information" menu. It contain the following settings:
- Configure WAN Interface
- General configuration
- Static IP Configuration
- DHCP client configuration
- PPPoE configuration (Point-to-point protocol over Ethernet)
- PPTP configuration (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
- RFC1918 Network (Address Allocation for Private Internets)
- Block bogon networks (the areas of unallocated address space are called the bogon space)
Here are no obligated fields. But if you use PPPoE or PPTP (for example it is required by your ISP) you can setup them here.
Tap the “Next” button. Finally you will see the last step of initial configuration. This is a setup of admin password.
Remember, this password used for ssh connection too. However ssh is disabled by default. But anyway strong password improve security of your system.
Now initial configuration is complete.
Press a “Reload” button and wait a minute. After reload you obtain a full access to features and settings of pfSense.
Here is a status page - initial page of webGUI of pfSense.
pfSense provide a lot of useful function for control, manipulation and monitoring of networks. Main of them is a firewall, VPN, flexible configuration of network interfaces, easy access to services configuration (DHCP, DNS, NTP, WOL etc) and huge opportunities for monitoring of interfaces and services. Next you can find way to desirable options/settings and short description of them.
Firewall allows to construct rules and chain of rules. Based on them you can make packet filtering of any complexity.
Additionally firewall provide schedules, NAT, traffic shaper and virtual IP.
VPN allows to construct a private network across public network. It support all available protocols: IPsec, L2TP, OpenVPN, PPTP. Configuration of each protocol can be found in a top menu in VPN section.
pfSense provide full range of network services. This is different variations of DHCP server (including support of IPv6), DNS services, IGMP proxy, load balancer, NTP, PPPoE, SNMP and WOL. Configuration of them can be found in Services section of top menu.
In section Status in the top menu you can find anything about current state of network, interfaces, traffic, services and so on.
pfSense is a excellent system with orientation on network functionality. It provide huge amount of valuable functions for network control, has simple installation process, fast initial configuration process and friendly web-interface. All this properties make a pfSense good variant for installing on routers, firewalls and other network devices.