It essentials to use UUID to mount storage device if the system uses many disks which are very regularly switched or moved. UUID is integrated with the filesystem and it helps uniquely identify drives.
UUID's normally changed when formatting or repartition a drive or any time when the filesystem affected for some reason.
This tutorial shows how to change UUID of a disk in Linux.
Change UUID in Linux
Based on the filesystem type we have few tools to change UUID. Linux utilities such as tune2fs (for ext2 or ext3 or ext3), xfs_admin (for xfs), btrfstune (for btrfs) can be used to change UUID.
In this example, I have used disk /dev/sdb to change the UUID and will use tune2fs command.
First find UUID of the disk, type:
$ blkid /dev/sdb
/dev/sdb: UUID="f2cf4598-c725-4ef1-8ab6-e2cdc6028a33" TYPE="ext4"
To change the UUID of the filesystem, you need to unmount it.
Here the partition /dev/sdb is mounted at /mnt/data. To umount, type:
$ umount /mnt/data
Once the device is unmounted, use tune2fs command followed by -U flag to generate random UUID.
$ tune2fs -U random /dev/sdb
tune2fs 1.45.5 (07-Jan-2020) Setting the UUID on this filesystem could take some time. Proceed anyway (or wait 5 seconds to proceed) ? (y,N) y
Once the UUID is changed, run the following command to verify the changes.
$ blkid | grep sdb
dev/sdb: UUID="af406bcd-cddb-4095-8456-fdf8dfe37665" TYPE="ext4"
After changing the existing UUID, make sure to update any references to the old labels in /etc/fstab file.
$ vi /etc/fstab
UUID="af406bcd-cddb-4095-8456-fdf8dfe37665" /mnt/data ext4 defaults 0 2
Now mount the unmounted filesystem back.
$ mount /mnt/data
In this tutorial we learned how to change UUID in Linux using tune2fs command.