Apache JMeter is a desktop application to perform load testing and measuring the performance of a variety of services. It is completely free and open-source. JMeter is an Apache project and written in Java.
Apache JMeter may be used to test performance on static and dynamic resources. It started as a way to test web servers but developed to a lot more protocols like SOAP, FTP, Mail servers, or Database servers. JMeter can be used to simulate a heavy load on a server, group of servers, network, or object.
In this tutorial, we learn how to install Apache JMeter on Ubuntu 20.04. You can follow the same steps for other Linux distributions.
- A Ubuntu Desktop 20.04 Desktop
- A user with sudo access
Install Apache Jmeter on Ubuntu
Installing Apache JMeter is quite simple on Ubuntu and other Linux Distributions. JMeter requires java installed. You can either use JRE or JDK.
JMeter is available in the default Ubuntu repository but it has a very old version. The recommeded way is to download from the Apache JMeter website.
01. Install Java
First, make sure java is installed or not. Run the following command to check the java version.
$ java --version
To install the default java on Ubuntu, type:
$ sudo apt install default-jre
On Ubuntu 20.04, this will install OpenJDK 11 version.
02. Download Apache JMeter
Visit Apache JMeter download to find the latest version of JMeter. Here I am downloading JMeter 5.4.1 zip file.
Alternatively, you can download JMeter using terminal:
$ wget https://dlcdn.apache.org//jmeter/binaries/apache-jmeter-5.4.1.zip
03. Extract Archive file
You can find a .zip file under the Downloads directory. To extract, right-click on the .zip file and from the menu choose 'Extract Here'.
The same you can perform from terminal using:
$ unzip apache-jmeter-5.4.1.zip
You can check JMeter version using the following command:
$ ./apache-jmeter-5.4.1/bin/jmeter --version
04. Run the Jmeter
To run the JMeter you need to change the directory as following
$ cd apache-jmeter-5.4.1/bin
Now run the JMeter using the following command:
This will open the JMeter interface and all good to set up your Test Plan.
First, add a name to your Test Plan ( here I kept the default name) and then create a Thread Group by right-clicking on the Test Plan and selecting from the menu Add > Threads (Users) > Thread Group
In the Thread Group settings, you will have 3 important fields you will have to setup:
Number of Threads (users): This is the number of connections the application will use.
Ramp-Up Period (in seconds): The ramp-up period tells JMeter how long to take to "ramp-up" to the full number of threads chosen. If 10 threads are used, and the ramp-up period is 100 seconds, then JMeter will take 100 seconds to get all 10 threads up and running. Threads number can also be greater then ramp-up if you wish to load concurrent threads.
Loop count: How many times the process will repeat.
Next right click on the thread group and click Add > Config Element > HTTP Request Defaults.
And enter the IP or hostname of the webserver you wish to test in the Server Name or IP field.
Now you can add HTTP requests to the Thread Group by right-clicking on it and selecting Add > Sampler > HTTP Request
And just add the path of the page you want to load. You can add multiple HTTP requests for example “/” (the root of the website), “/about.html” (about page), “/download.html” (download page) and so on.
Finally, add a Listener to the Thread Group - Add > Listener > View Results in Table.
You can run the Test Plan using the green Start button in the toolbar and the results will be shown in the table.
You can pick from various graphs and tables. You can also choose various Threads and ramp-up numbers to stress the web server as much as you wish.
In this tutorial, we learned how to install Apache JMeter on Ubuntu 20.04. Thanks for reading, please provide your feedback and suggestions in the comment section.