Install RPM to a Different Location or Directory with Example

So lets focus on rpm installation in a specific directory, well, for that to happen, rpm package should be relocatable, means if that package is flexible enough to be installed in different direction as provided by user or its hardcoded, examples are like bash shell package or flash packages, which may not be relocatable.

Not relocatable Package

Let me start with examples where the rpm package is not relocatable ie cannot install into a specific directory

# rpm -qpi /home/redhat/Downloads/flash-plugin-
Name : flash-plugin Relocations: (not relocatable)
Version : Vendor: Adobe Systems Inc.
Release : release Build Date: Fri 10 Aug 2012 06:45:38 PM PDT
Install Date: (not installed) Build Host:
Group : Applications/Internet Source RPM: flash-plugin-
Size : 18383579 License: Commercial
Signature : (none)
Packager : Adobe Systems Inc.
Summary : Adobe Flash Player 11.2
Description :
Adobe Flash Plugin
Fully Supported: Mozilla SeaMonkey 1.0+, Firefox 1.5+, Mozilla 1.7.13+

So the above package is not relocatable and it can’t be installed in a custom location.

You can also try below command to find whether the package is relocatable

#rpm –qi [package_name] | grep Relocations

If the package is relocatable it might show in the output as below

Name : keyutils-libs Relocations: /opt

Install package to a different directory

If the package is relocatable, it can be installed to a different location.

#rpm --prefix=/mnt gnome-backgrounds-2.28.0-2.el6.noarch.rpm

Thanks for reading this article and here we learned how to install rpm package in a specific directory. Please let me know your thoughts on this.

Bobbin Zachariah 9:00 am


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