Fedora is an open source Linux operating system for workstations, servers and cloud setups. It is developed by community supported Fedora Project with the help of Red Hat. Fedora comes with quite a few pre-installed features and a large number of freely available software/applications which can be easily installed. Fedora 22 uses the latest Linux kernel i.e. 4.0 and stable version is released on 26th May 2015.
Fedora 22 Workstation Installation
Download desired ISO file for Fedora 22 Workstation according to your requirements and flash it on Bootable USB or burn on bootable CD/DVD. Boot the workstation through bootable media with Fedora22 workstation ISO. Note : We have used pre-release version for screenshots.
Two options will be on offer at first by the installation wizard, either “Try Fedora” (means try the operating system without installing) and “Install to Hard Drive”. Click “Install to Hard Drive” to proceed.
Select language of interface in the next step and click “Continue”.
Installation summary page is sort of control center for almost all custom settings for workstation It has two major sections.
Setup the system exactly or close to your regional associations.
Select most convenient keyboard layout from the list.
Fedora22 workstation allows you to select multiple keyboard layouts and allows you to define a key combination for switching between selected keyboard layouts. Once done, go back to Installation Summary page to customize next section.
1(b). Date & Time
Select your native region so that corresponding timezone is selected for your workstation. Now go back to Installation Summary page to customize next section.
This section allows to format system level settings according to your needs.
2(a). Installation Destination
It is the most important and tricky part of system setup and installation.
Click on Installation Destination and you will be landed to following page.
A summary of available disks and their capacity is shown here, we have only one drive attached to our workstation (sda). There is an option to add a network drive also for specialized usage. Scroll down to “Other Storage Options” here we have to opt between automatic or manual disk partition configurations. Select “I will configure partitioning” if you wish to manually configure the disk partitions or choose the other option otherwise.
Two more options are available in the same section, “I would like to make additional space availabe” and “Encrypt my data” you can click on one or both the checkboxs or leave them as they are. Now click “Done” to proceed further. Make sure to select one of the disks available (sda in this case) before clicking “Done”.
Now manual partitioning page is shown with quite a few options. First of all go to a dropdown menu under “New mount points will use the following partition scheme” and select Standard Partition.
In the above screenshot you can see that a total of 20.52GB of disk space is free to use. Click on “+” symbol at bottom left of the screen to create a partition from free (unpartitioned) space. A popup will appear with couple of element, a dropdown menu for “Mount Point” and its “Desired Capacity”. Select the mount point (“/” in this case), its capacity and click “Add mount point”.
Manual partitioning page is displayed again with details about the newly added “/” partition at sda1. You can reset its properties especially add/change a lable for it and click “Update Settings”. We have set / partition to 2.51GB of size so now free space left at bottom is just 18GB.
Now let’s add another “/boot” partition repeating same steps.
We set it to 1GB so free space is reduced to 17GB now. It is important to note that /boot is set to sda1 whereas / was assigned to sda1 earlier, it is because /boot contains the boot strap loader for the workstation and must have the starting address of the disk. The / partition is now set to sda2.
Let’s add swap partition for the system, it usually is the double the size of RAM on the system. We have 1GB of RAM so swap must be of 2GB in size.
Further we added a /home partition of 10GB which is supposed to contain the users’ data so it is the biggest of all partitions.
Last we add a /var partition for logs and databases using the same steps.
Please note we can delete any partition using the “-” sign on the manual partitioning page. Once all the partitions are created click “Done” to format them using EXT4 filesystem. A small window will appear to show that a new partition table (MS-DOS format) will be created and all the partitions will be formatted as mentioned earlier. If you have any critical data on the disk in use, back it up before initializing the Fedora22 installation process because it will be lost when disk will be formatted. Click on “Accept Changes” to move forward.
2(b). Network & Hostname
Now go back to installation summary page and click on “Network & Host Name”, add a hostname of the workstation and click “Done”.
We are all set to “Begin Installation” now.
Installation process continues to proceed, meanwhile root password is required to set under “User Settings” section.
Click on “Root Password” to setup password for super user “root”. The password must be secure one (it must include a blend of lower and upper case alphabet, numeric values and special characters). Click “Done” to proceed further.
Congratulations! Fedora 22 for Workstations has been successfully installed.
Fedora 22 is lightweight and easy to use operating system which supports almost all hardware platforms. It is primarily developed for laptop and desktop users. Fedora 22 is more secure as the latest Linux kernel has been patched against all known vulnerabilities. Alongside that the new version may also have some bugs which will be discovered and fixed as the time goes on. Advanced users may refer to the official website for further information.