In this article, we'll learn about installing MATE 1.1.0 Desktop Environment in some major Distributions of Linux. MATE is an open source desktop environment forked from the now-dead traditional Gnome 2 Code Base. It is widely installed and loved by lots of Linux users across the world. Mate Desktop is one of the most popular desktop environment available, being the default desktop environment of some major linux distributions like Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Arch Linux, Fedora and OpenSuse. Recently, the mate developers have released mate 1.10.0, including better GTK+3 support. Some of the major changes and improvements made in the latest version ie 1.10.0 are as follows.
- Every component of MATE can now be built with GTK2 and GTK3.
- Caja has been improved with an extension manager so that any plugin can be enabled/disabled at run-time.
- ePubis is now supported byAtril.
- An audio mixer library has been introduced called libmatemixer.
- Static code analysis has resulted in many memory leaks being plugged.
- Theme support has been expanded to GTK 3.8 to 3.16 including CSD and pop-over support.
- Added gobject introspection.
- Many RANDR fixes
- Interface: added automatic-mnemonics key for Gtk xsetting
- Used GDK_WINDOW_XID for inter-GTK compatibility
- Updated mpaste for website change
- Added org.mate.debug GSettings schema
- Added MateColorButton class to have traditional color selection dialog with GTK3
- Removed desktop-docs
- Removed user guide
- Removed libunique optional dependency
- Added MateAboutDialog class to have traditional about dialog with GTK3 too.
Here, in this article, we'll learn some easy and simple way on installing MATE 1.10.0 Desktop Environment in some major linux distributions.
1. Installing Mate 1.10.0 in Linux Mint
In order to install Mate 1.10.0 in your Linux Mint 17.2 "Rafaela" . We'll just need to update the local repository index using the below command then install the complete mate desktop for Linux Mint by running the following command.
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install mint-meta-mate
2. Installing Mate 1.10.0 in Fedora
If you are running Fedora 22 in your machine and wanna install the latest version of mate ie 1.10.0. Then you can simply do that by the help of dnf package manager.
$ sudo dnf groupinstall mate-desktop
If you are running previous versions of fedora and don't have dnf command available. You can simply use the yum package manager as shown below.
$ sudo yum groupinstall mate-desktop
3. Installing Mate 1.10.0 in OpenSuse
If you are running OpenSuse, you can install mate from ncurse YaST. But if you wanna go with zypper and command line stuff, you can run the following command in the terminal.
$ sudo zypper in gnome-main-menu mate-backgrounds mate-control-center mate-dialogs caja mate-icon-theme mate-notification-daemon mate-polkit marco mate-session-manager mate-settings-daemon mate-desktop mate-panel caja-image-converter caja-open-terminal caja-sendto caja-share dconf-editor mate-dictionary mate-disk-usage-analyzer mate-icon-theme-faenza mate-netspeed mate-screenshot mate-search-tool mate-sensors-applet mate-system-log mate-user-share mozo python-caja atril engrampa eom gucharmap mate-applets mate-calc mate-power-manager mate-media mate-screensaver mate-system-monitor mate-terminal mate-themes mate-menus atril-caja caja-engrampa marco-themes mate-common mate-icon-theme-faenza-dark mate-icon-theme-faenza-gray mate-indicator-applet patterns-openSUSE-mate_basis pluma
You can also use zypper with pattern if you are running the latest version of OpenSuse ie 13.2 and above as shown below.
$ sudo zypper in -t pattern mate_basis
After done with installing it in your OpenSuse, you'll need to add mate-session in the window manager. To do so, we'll run YaST and go to System ->/etc/sysconfig Editor then go to Desktop ->Window Manager ->DEFAULT_WM and add mate-session in it the reboot to choose Mate as the session in the login screen.
4. Installing Mate 1.10.0 in Arch Linux
If you are running Arch Linux as your operating system in your machine. You can use pacman package manager and install mate. Here is the commands on how you can install it in Arch Linux.
$ sudo pacman -Syy mate mate-extra
After installing it, we'll need to install and configure some other related packages to get certain functionality to work, and will enable compositing and new window centering.
$ pacman -Syy lightdm-gtk2-greeter accountsservice
$ systemctl enable lightdm
$ systemctl enable accounts-daemon
$ pacman -S mate-settings-daemon-gstreamer mate-media-gstreamer
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/compositing-manager true
$ dconf write /org/mate/marco/general/center-new-windows true
Mate is really an awesome desktop environment to get into work. It is a beautiful neat and clean desktop environment for better performance and customization. It has many new features added and maintained with more refinements. The development of MATE is a continuous process of addition of new features with the latest technology and removal of old unwanted stuffs. The design of MATE's panel seems alike to gnome 2. It is always an interesting option to choose for the better desktop experience from low-end to high-end machine. It is extremely resource efficient so instead of using more CPU or RAM, it leaves most resources for the applications to run. Mate desktop environment version 1.10 for ubuntu has not been released yet, it is said that it will soon be released along with the release of ubuntu 15.10. If you have any questions, suggestions, feedback please write them in the comment box below so that we can improve or update our contents. Thank you ! Enjoy :-)