Piwigo is a free and open source web based photo gallery software which is available under GNU General Public License. It is heavily developed and designed by an active community of developers and users. Piwigo is written in PHP language and uses MySQL database for storage. Piwigo is highly customizable as anyone is allowed to modify it according to their use, besides that it has its extensions freely available. It has a beautiful photo gallery in the frontend and very interactive dashboard making things easy to perform. Some of the main features of Piwigo are listed as follows.
- It is easy to upload photos and videos with ftp, web uploads, android/iOS and desktop applications.
- We can organize our photos with Albums.
- It assures privacy on our Photos allowing us to decide who can see them.
- It is highly customizable with its free themes and plugins available on the internet.
- Piwigo is heavily localized by its active community all around the world making it available in many languages.
- It has the ability to generate multiple size photos and enables us to add watermarks automatically.
- The most important feature is that, it has statistics and management tools enabling us to manage our photo gallery.
Here are some easy steps on how we can install Piwigo online photo gallery in Fedora, Ubuntu and CentOS linux distributions.
1. Installing LAMP Stack
First of all, we'll install LAMP Stack in our linux machine which includes Apache web server, MySQL/MariaDB Database server and PHP modules. Here, in this tutorial, we'll be using MariaDB as its a complete free and open source software, fast and enhanced fork of MySQL. As the complete latest LAMP stack is available on the official repository of almost all linux distribution which includes Fedora, Ubuntu and CentOS, we'll simply install them using their default package manager respectively.
On Fedora 22
As dnf package manager is the default package manager of fedora 22, we'll simply run the following dnf command to install LAMP stack under sudo/root access.
# dnf install httpd mariadb mariadb-server php php-mysql php-gd ImageMagick unzip wget
On Fedora 21
As yum package manager is the default package manager of fedora 22, we'll simply run the following yum command.
# yum install httpd mariadb mariadb-server php php-mysql php-gd ImageMagick unzip wget
On Ubuntu 12.04/14.04/15.04
To install LAMP stack on Ubuntu machine, we'll need to run the following apt commands under sudo/root access.
# apt-get install apache2 mariadb-server php5 php5-mysql php5-gd imagemagick unzip wget
On CentOS 6/7
As we know the default package manager of centos is yum package manager, we'll need to run the following command to install it.
# yum install httpd mariadb mariadb-server php php-mysql php-gd ImageMagick unzip wget
2. Starting and Enabling Apache and MariaDB
We'll now start our apache web server and mariadb database server and configure it to start automatically in every system boot. To do so, we'll need to run the following command.
If we have the release of linux distributions like CentOS 6.x , Ubuntu 12.04/14.04, running SysVinit installed in our machine then we'll need to run the following command to start apache and mariadb services.
On CentOS 6.x
# service httpd start # service mariadb start # chkconfig --levels 235 httpd on
On Ubuntu 12.04/14.04
# service apache2 start # service mariadb start # update-rc.d apache2 defaults
If we have latest release of linux distributions like Fedora 22, CentOS 7, Ubuntu 15.04 running systemd installed in our machine then we'll need to run the following command to start apache and mariadb services.
On Fedora 21/22/CentOS 7
# systemctl start httpd mariadb # systemctl enable httpd mariadb Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service. Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
On Ubuntu 15.04
# systemctl start apache2 mariadb # systemctl enable apache2 mariadb Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/apache2.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service. Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
3. Setting MariaDB root password
Next, we'll need to setup a password for our mariadb root user as we're installing it for the first time. To do so, we'll need to run the following command in a terminal.
Note: Now, the script will ask us to enter the password for the database's root user but as we haven't set any password, we'll simply press enter. Then, we'll be asked to set a new password for the database's root user. Here we'll hit Y and enter our password for root of MariaDB. Then, we'll simply hit enter to set the default values for the further configurations.
.... so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! ... installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
4. Creating MariaDB Database for Piwigo
Next, we'll login to the MariaDB command prompt as root. To so do, we'll need to execute the following command.
# mysql -u root -p
Then, we'll be prompted to enter the password of root user of mariadb database. Here, we'll need to enter the password we'd set in the above step while configuring mariadb. After done, we'll be welcomed into the MariaDB command prompt environment.
We'll create the database for piwigo in our mariadb. To do so, we'll need to run the following command inside the mariadb command prompt environment.
> CREATE DATABASE piwigo_db; > CREATE USER 'piwigo_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'P!W!g0_p1$$wor4'; > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON piwigo_db.* TO 'piwigo_user'@'localhost'; > FLUSH PRIVILEGES; > EXIT;
We’ve successfully created a database named piwigo_db with database user piwigo_user and its password as P!W!g0_p1$$wor4 .
Note: It is strongly recommended to replace the above variables as your requirement or desire as per the security issue.
5. Downloading Latest Piwigo
We'll now download and extract the latest release of Piwigo from its official download page. We'll get inside the /tmp folder and download the zipped package of the latest release of Piwigo and name it as piwigo-latest.zip . To do so, we'll need to run the following command in a terminal.
# cd /tmp/ # wget "http://piwigo.org/download/dlcounter.php?code=latest" -O piwigo-latest.zip --2015-08-18 22:09:52-- http://piwigo.org/download/dlcounter.php?code=latest Resolving piwigo.org (piwigo.org)... 126.96.36.199 Connecting to piwigo.org (piwigo.org)|188.8.131.52|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 7233466 (6.9M) [application/zip] Saving to: 'piwigo-latest.zip' piwigo-latest.zip 100%[=====================>] 6.90M 2.35MB/s in 2.9s 2015-08-18 22:09:55 (2.35 MB/s) - 'piwigo-latest.zip' saved [7233466/7233466]
After we have successfully downloaded the zipped package, we'll now simply extract it using unzip. To do so, we'll need to run the following command.
# unzip piwigo-latest.zip
Next, we'll gonna move the whole extracted folder to the webroot of our web server. As the default webroot of apache web server is /var/www/html/ , we'll simply move it into that folder by running the following command.
# mv piwigo /var/www/html/gallery
6. Changing Ownership
Now we'll change the ownership of the piwigo directory to apache so that the apache process owner will have full read and write access to the directory.
If we are running Fedoro or CentOS or their derivatives, we'll need to run the following command to change the ownership of directory.
# chown apache: -R /var/www/html/gallery
In Ubuntu machine, we'll need to replace apache to www-data in the above command and execute as shown below.
# chown www-data: /var/www/html/gallery
7. Allowing Firewall
If we have firewall programs like iptables, firewalld running, we'll need to allow http port 80 in order to make our web server and website accessible remotely from the internet.
In the linux distibutions like Fedora 21, CentOS 6.x, Ubuntu 12.04/14.04 , iptables is used as the default firewall program. To allow port 80 from iptables, we'll need to run the following command.
# iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
Then, in order to apply the changes permanently even after the reboot, we'll need to save the configuration by running the following command.
# service iptables save
Firewalld is used as the default firewall program in the latest releases of linux distributions like Fedora 22, CentOS 7, Ubuntu 15.04 running systemd. So, to allow http port 80, we'll need to run the following command.
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
To apply the changes made above, we'll need to reload our firewalld, by running the below command.
# firewall-cmd --reload
9. Allowing SELinux
If we are running Fedora 21/22 or CentOS 7 in our machine, we've SELinux security feature enabled by default. So, in order to make SELinux allow our piwigo installation to work, we'll need to run the following command.
# cd /var/www/html/gallery/ # chcon -vR --type=httpd_sys_rw_content_t .
8. Web Installation
Finally after such a hard work, we'll be able to navigate to our Piwigo web interface by pointing our browser to http://ip-address/gallery or http://domain.com/gallery according to our configuration.
Here, we need to enter the required database configuration that we had set in the above step while creating database in MariaDB. In this tutorial, we've user, password and database name as piwigo_user, P!W!g0_p1$$wor4 and piwigo_db respectively. Then, we'll need to enter the administration configuration that we'll need in order to login to the Administrative Panel of Piwigo. After done, we'll click on Start Installation to continue further.
After the installation has been finished, we'll gonna click on Start the Tour to login into our Piwigo Admin panel. Then, we'll see our Admin panel as shown below. If we wanna learn more about Piwigo gallery, we can read the instructions shown in small dialogue window.
To upload an image, we'll need to click on Add under Photos which lies on the left sidebar as shown in the figure.
After uploading our images, it will be loaded in our Piwigo Photo Gallery. We can easily customize our photo gallery using different options available in our admin panel.
Known Issue and Fix
If we see the following error on the top of our Piwigo Gallery Admin panel, we can make sure that the date.timezone variable is disabled in our PHP configuration.
date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone.
To fix the above error, we'll need to specify a date.timezone variable in our PHP configuration file. To do so, we'll need to open it using a text editor.
# nano /etc/php.ini
After that, we'll need to find for the line where date.timezone variable in assigned. Here, we'll need to specify the timezone that we want to set to our application.
Piwigo is an excellent photo gallery application which has made pretty easy for people to host their own gallery in the internet. The most awesome thing is that, Piwigo is very easy to setup and customize according to our desire and requirement. It has beautiful web interface which is pretty responsive. Piwigo is highly extensible as there are hundreds of powerful plugins and extensions. There are also several hosting companies which provides hosting services to Piwigo. If we have LAMP stack installed or have a shared hosting, we can simply install Piwigo with its NetInstall PHP script . It is also available on Softaculous web app installer making its installation far easier with a single click. So, if you have any queries, suggestions, comments, please do comment below so that we can improve our contents and website. Thanks!