How to Setup Naemon Networking Monitoring Tool in Linux

March 7, 2017 | By
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Naemon is an Open Source system and network monitoring application which watches hosts and other services that you specify, alerts you when things go bad and notifies you when they get better. Naemon is based on Nagios 4.0.2 and aims to be a drop in replacement for Nagios. Naemon Suite is currently roughly equivalent to Nagios Core, which makes Naemon Core the equivalent of "Nagios Core Core". Naemon is the general term of the entire "Naemon Suite" that consists of two different parts, Naemon Core and the Thruk Monitoring web interface. We will generally refer to naemon Suite as just Naemon. In this article, we will install naemon in centos 7 and ubuntu 16.04 and explore its usage in Centos via NPRE.

Features of Naemon

→ Monitoring of network services  like SMTP, POP3, HTTP, NNTP, PING, FTP etc.)

→ Monitoring of host resources (processor load, disk usage, memory usage etc.)

→ Simple plugin design that allows users to easily develop their own custom service checks.

→ Parallelized service checks.

→ Thruk Monitoring web interface to edit settings and view current network status, problem history, log files, reports, dashboards, business processes, etc.

→ Ability to define network host hierarchy using "parent" hosts, allowing detection of and distinction between hosts that are down and those that are unreachable.

→ Contact notifications when service or host problems occur and get resolved (via email, pager, or user-defined method).

→ Ability to define event handlers to be run during service or host events for proactive problem resolution.

→ Automatic log file rotation.

→ Support for implementing redundant monitoring hosts.

Components

Naemon has four components, they are Naemon core, Livestatus, Thruk and Plugins.

Naemon Core: The naemon core is the process that does the actual monitoring of your system.

Livestatus: Livestatus is an interface that your tools can use to query the Naemon core like a database.

Thruk: Thruk is the web UI shipped with the Naemon Suite.

Plugins: Naemon runs these plugins to determine the current status of hosts and services on your network. There are well maintained collection of plugins available in Monitoring Plugins Project.

Install Naemon in Ubuntu 16

To install naemon in Ubuntu 16, we first need to install its dependencies. Install naemon dependencies by executing following command in the terminal.

# sudo apt-get install bsd-mailx apache2 apache2-utils libapache2-mod-fcgid libfontconfig1 libjpeg62 libgd3 libxpm4 xvfb libmysqlclient20

Add Consol Labs repository to apt database.

# gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys F8C1CA08A57B9ED7
# gpg --armor --export F8C1CA08A57B9ED7 | apt-key add -
# echo "deb http://labs.consol.de/repo/stable/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/labs-consol-stable.list

Now update apt database.

# sudo apt-get update

Install Naemon, Nagios-plugin will get install along with naemon.

# sudo apt-get install naemon

Change path to Nagios plugins

# sudo vi /etc/naemon/resource.cfg

find $USER1$=/usr/lib/naemon/plugins  and replace it with $USER1$=/usr/lib/nagios/plugins

Change default password for Thruk web UI using following command.

# htpasswd /etc/thruk/htpasswd thrukadmin
New password:
Re-type new password:
Updating password for user thrukadmin

Restart Apache and Naemon

# sudo service naemon restart
# sudo service apache2 restart

You can now access Naemon web UI by pointing your favorite browser to http://SERVER-IP/naemon.

Naemon login page

Login by using username as thrukadmin and password that you have created in earlier step.

Thruk monitoring interface

Install Naemon in CentOS 7

Add consol lab repository to yum database

# rpm -Uvh "https://labs.consol.de/repo/stable/rhel7/i386/labs-consol-stable.rhel7.noarch.rpm"

Install naemon

# yum install naemon*

Disable SELINUX and make it persistent.

# setenforce 0
# vi /etc/selinux/config

Now edit row: "SELINUX=enforcing" and replace with: "SELINUX=disabled"

For nagios plugin, install EPEL repository. Next install nagios plugins and nrpe

# yum install epel-release
# yum install nagios-plugins nagios-plugins-all nagios-plugins-nrpe nrpe

Enable apache and naemon

# systemctl enable httpd
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.
# systemctl enable naemon
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/naemon.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/naemon.service.

Start Apache and naemon

# systemctl start httpd
# systemctl start naemon

Enable thruk during system startup

# systemctl enable thruk
thruk.service is not a native service, redirecting to /sbin/chkconfig.
Executing /sbin/chkconfig thruk on

Start thruk

# service thruk start
Starting thruk.....( 11192) OK

Change default password for Thruk web UI using following command.

# htpasswd /etc/thruk/htpasswd thrukadmin
New password:
Re-type new password:
Updating password for user thrukadmin

You can now access Naemon web UI by pointing your favorite browser to http://SERVER-IP/naemon.

Now that we have a naemon server running in a network, we want to add a remote linux host for monitoring through naemon server. For that we need to install nagios plugin and Nagios Remote Plugin Executer i.e nrpe in the remote system/client. Nagios plugin allows naemon server to remotely execute plugins on remote Linux/Unix host. Our setup looks like below-

IP Address Hostname
Naemon Server ( CentOS 7)
10.0.0.55 naemon-server
Remote Host/Client ( CentOS 7)
10.0.0.38 node01

Configure Remote CentOS 7 host/client (10.0.0.38)

First update your remote host/client

# yum update

Install EPEL repository.

# yum install epel-release

Next install nagios-plugins, openssl and nrpe

# yum install nrpe nagios-plugins-all openssl

List all the nagios plugins available.

# ls -l /usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/

Change into nagios configuration directory and edit nrpe.cfg. Add naemon server's IP to allowed_hosts, specify server_port of your choice, command_timeout set to 60 and connection_timeout set to 300. The rest of the configuration values remain same.

# cd /etc/nagios/
# vi nrpe.cfg

log_facility=daemon
pid_file=/var/run/nrpe/nrpe.pid
server_port=5666
#server_address=127.0.0.1
nrpe_user=nrpe
nrpe_group=nrpe
allowed_hosts=127.0.0.1,10.0.0.55
dont_blame_nrpe=0
allow_bash_command_substitution=0
# command_prefix=/usr/bin/sudo
debug=1
command_timeout=60
connection_timeout=300
#allow_weak_random_seed=1
#include=<somefile.cfg>
command[check_users]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_users -w 5 -c 10
command[check_load]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_load -w 15,10,5 -c 30,25,20
command[check_hda1]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w 20% -c 10% -p /dev/hda1
command[check_zombie_procs]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_procs -w 5 -c 10 -s Z
command[check_total_procs]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_procs -w 150 -c 200
#command[check_users]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_users -w $ARG1$ -c $ARG2$
#command[check_load]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_load -w $ARG1$ -c $ARG2$
#command[check_disk]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w $ARG1$ -c $ARG2$ -p $ARG3$
#command[check_procs]=/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_procs -w $ARG1$ -c $ARG2$ -s $ARG3$
include_dir=/etc/nrpe.d/

Restart NPRE

# systemctl start nrpe

using netstat, find out whether npre is listening on port 5666

# netstat -pltn

Allow firewall to allow traffic to port 5666

For firewalld users

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=5666/tcp

# firewall-cmd --reload

For IPTABLE users

# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 5666 -j ACCEPT

# service iptables save

# service iptables restart

NPRE will now able to accept request from the naemon server to execute commands and send the results to it.

Configure Naemon server (10.0.0.55)

We have already installed naemon server in step 1. Let us now define configuration for host, service and commands in the server. Check the templates for host, services inside /etc/naemon/conf.d/templates directory. You can create configuration file for host, service separately when your number of monitoring instances grows. For this tutorial, we are keeping the host and service configuration in the same file i.e in node01.cfg

#  cd /etc/naemon/conf.d

#  vi /etc/naemon/conf.d/node01.cfg

define host{
use linux-server
host_name node01
alias node01
address 10.0.0.55
}
define service{
use generic-service
host_name node01
service_description PING
check_command check_ping!100.0,20%!500.0,60%
}
define service{
use generic-service
host_name node01
service_description Current Load
check_command check_nrpe!check_load
}
define service{
use generic-service
host_name node01
service_description Total Processes
check_command check_nrpe!check_users
}

Edit the commands.cfg file so that nrpe can run the command in node01 to fetch the data.

# vi /etc/naemon/conf.d/commands.cfg
define command{
command_name check_nrpe
command_line $USER1$/check_nrpe -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -c $ARG1$
}

Restart naemon and apache

# systemctl restart naemon

# systemctl restart httpd

Make sure that NRPE plugin from naemon server can talk to nrpe daemon in remote host/client machine.

# /usr/lib64/naemon/plugins/check_nrpe -H 10.0.0.38
NRPE v2.15

Refresh the browser and click "Host" from left sidebar in thruk webUI, you will be able to find the remote host (node01) under "Host Status Details For All Host Groups"

Host list under host group in thruk

Click the host name "node01", the details of host state information for node01 will be displayed to you.

Host state information

Conclusion

Naemon is a fork of the Nagios project and its plugin interface is 100% nagios compatible. Naemon core is based on nagios 4 core but with several bug fixes and performance enhancement. So you can easily switch to naemon with several improvements over nagios 4. In this tutorial we have added a single remote host for monitoring but you can now proceed with adding more functionality to it like notification, reporting, performance data etc. as described in naemon user-guide.

Filed Under : LINUX HOWTO, MONITORING

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Comments (2)

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  1. Song says:

    If I am setting a Naemon on Ubuntu, are configuration instruction same as CentOS?
    I tried setting up Naemon server on Ubuntu but after restarting naemon and apache,
    # systemctl restart naemon
    # systemctl restart apache2
    I can not find NRPE plugin on Naemon server. Command below doesn't exist on Ubuntu.
    # /usr/lib64/naemon/plugins/check_nrpe -H 10.0.0.38
    NRPE v2.15
    Help, please!
    Thanks!

    • Dwijadas Dey says:

      For the second part of the tutorial the OS used in naemon server is CentOS 7. So if you are using Ubuntu as naemon server, the plugins can be found inside lib folder instead of lib64 under /usr directory.

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