Best Diff Tools to Compare File Contents on Linux

best-diff-tools

Diff tools are used by countless people all around the world, be it developers, web designers, editors, photographers, engineers, the possibilities are countless. They use these tools to find out the differences between different files, folders, and directories; so that they know which components to change and which not to. Keep on reading to know about the best diff tools to compare your file contents.

1. Diff command

Diff is a simple and easy to use command-line tool used to compare your file or document content. It compares file line by line and print the difference between them. By default, it comes pre-installed in most Linux operating systems.

Features:

• Compare files line by line

Pros:

• Easy to use
• Line by line output of differences
• Compatible with multiple operating systems

diff command

Compare files using diff command

Colordiff is a wrapper for diff, which is pretty much the same, except that it shows the differences in colors. It has customizable color schemes and available for most Linux operating systems.

Features:

• Colored-syntax highlighting
• Digitally-signed source code
• GPL licensed

Pros:

• Shows line-by-line differences
• Customizable color schemes
• Ability to paginate the output
• Improved readability
• Promoted for numerous other Linux, UNIX, and BSD distributions and OS (Operating Systems).
• Customizable

Cons:

• Not broadly portable to systems other than Linux and OpenBSD

colordiff

Differences in colors using colordiff

2. Wdiff

wdiff is another wrapper for diff which is used to compare files and documents on a word-to-word basis. It is very useful if you want to compare two texts for change words. It works by creating two temporary files, one word per line the use diff command on this files to compare the text.

Features:

• Available in many languages
• Under the GNU General Public License
• Display word differences between text files

Pros:

• It is a free software
• It is a line-oriented program

Cons:

• ND isn’t extended in the kernel part of the operating system.

3. Vimdiff Command

Compared to diff, vimdiff works in an advanced manner. vimdiff shows the differences between two, three, or four versions of the same file or document.

Features:

• Separate windows for each file
• You can have numerous diffs at the same time as they will each be in their tab

Pros:

• You can change files in vimdiff if you need to
• Mouse-free interface
• Smart visualization
• Lightweight software

Cons:

• The default algorithm is slow
• Very frequent updates
• If not careful, useless plug-ins will be loaded that clutter the screen

vimdiff

Vimdiff tool

4. Kompare

Kompare a GUI wrapper which lets you find the differences between files while also merging them if needed. It is designed for developers that allow users to compare two different text files or two directories. When you compare two directories, it displays a directory tree for both selected directories.

Features:

• Several diff formats
• Comparison of directories
• Ability to personalize the interface

Pros:

• Create and apply patches to source files
• Mouse-free/only keyboard
• Flexible features

Cons:

• No cons yet

kompare

Kompare

5. DiffMerge

Diffmerge is a software that allows its users to compare and merge files through visual means. It has a two engines, one is a diff engine that shows the difference between two files and a merge engine that displays the changed lines between selected files.

Features:

• Cross-platform software
• Graphic representation of the changes between three files
• Configurable
• Windows Explorer/browser integration

Pros:

• Automatic merging
• Full control over editing
• Able to handle large files well

Cons:

• Slow start-up time

diffmerge

Diffmerge

6. Meld – Diff Tool

Meld is a diff and merge tool, made especially for developers, who need to compare files. It is a lightweight tool and allows you to compare files, directories, and version controlled programs.

Features:

• Comparison of two-way and three-way directories and files
• Files comparisons are automatically updated as you type
• Visualizations that make file comparison easier
• Git, Bazaar, Mercurial, Subversion, etc. are supported

Pros:

• Easy-to-use
• Direct editing of files is supported
• Clean GUI
• Free and open source
• Works fast on Linux
• Availability of Internationalization

Cons:

• Works slow on larger files
• Failed to work on several file types
• No available option to compare rows horizontally
• Mac version lags a lot to start
• No available context menu integration on Explorer
• Similar lines not aligned
• Extremely slow on comparing folders with sub-folders
• Opens slow on Windows

meld

Meld diff tool

7. Diffuse – GUI Diff Tool

Diffuse is a free, simple and easy to use diff tool written in Python. It also offers two functionalities file comparison and version control. It also allows file editing, merging and display the difference between selected files.

Features:

• Easy keyboard navigation
• Syntax highlighting
• Supports Unicode
• Git, CVS, Darcs, Mercurial, RCS, Subversion, SVK, and Monotone are also supported

Pros:

• Easy-to-use
• Ability to edit different files directly
• Ability to match lines in adjacent files
• Select lines using a mouse-pointer
• Free software

Cons:

• No stealth
• Not customizable
• Not portable

diffuse

Diffuse tool

8. KDiff3 – – Diff and Merge Tool

KDiff3 is a cross-platform diff and merge tool and works on Linux, macOS and Windows. It is a file and folder merge tool used to compare and merge two to three files and directoires.

Features:

• Auto-merge is supported
• Differences are printed
• Windows Explorer/browser integration available
• Unicode is supported

Pros:

• Three-way merges with a common ancestor are supported
• Manual code aligning is available
• Free software
• Customizable UI
• A built-in editor that is designed to deal with merge-conflicts

Cons:

• KDE libraries needed to use KDiff3
• Issues with fonts
• Users have to face problems when the number of lines of files is not the same

kdiff3

kdiff3 tool

9. TkDiff

TkDiff is a simple, lightweight and cross-platform GUI wraper for diff tool. It allows you to view the differences between two files side by side.

Features:

• Cross-platform software
• Availability of diff bookmarks
• Graphical map of differences
• Three-way merging is supported fully
• Supported by multiple platforms
• Supported by Subversion, Git, Mercurial, and many more
• Syntax highlighting

Pros:

• Easy-to-use
• Easy and efficient navigation
• Works with plain text documents as well
• Highly configurable
• Lightweight

Cons:

• Written in Tcl/Tk

tkdiff

tkdiff tool

10. Visual Studio code

Visual studio code is a code editor made by Microsoft. It supports several development operations like debugging, task running, and version control. It works on Linux, macOS and Windows operating systems.

Features:

• Embedded Git control
• No configuration or plug-ins needed before starting to use it
• Runs on any platform
• Customizable

Pros:

• Excellent performance
• Open-source
• Numerous tutorials and ways for assistance available

Cons:

• Zero merge functionality

11. Intellij Idea Community Edition

Intellij Idea is an enterprise development, cross-platform software for multiple operating systems. It is used to review the differences between any two files, folders, text sources, or database objects, as well as between local files and their repository versions.

Features:

• Well supported for editing Java/Maven projects

Pros:

• Available in many languages
• Free source (only community edition)

Cons:

• Lack of framework support

intellij idea

intellij idea tool

12. Beyond Compare

Beyond compare is a tool for comparing file contents with simplicity and ease. It is a multi-platform and combines file and directory compare functions in single package. It has an ability to compare local, FTP, Dropbox and Amazon S3 directoires.

Features:

• Access data from anywhere
• Ability to synchronize folders
• Ability to personalize diff rules
• Ability to edit files directly
• Ability to compare image files
• Ability to compare remote directories

Pros:

• Rich with features
• Works perfectly with larger files
• Three0way merge supported
• Powerful commands

Cons:

• High-cost propriety software

beyond compare

Beyond compare

13. XXdiff – Diff and Merge Tool

XXdiff is yet another diff and merge tool that runs on multiple operating systems. It is a graphical tool used for viewing the difference between two or three files and directories. It uses external diff tools to compute differences.

Features:

• Repetitive comparison of two and three files
• Repetitive comparison of two directories

Pros:

• Free source
• Horizontal difference highlighting available
• Full ability to personalize with a resource file

Cons:

• Unicode encoded files not supported

xxdiff

xxdiff tool

14. Git Diff

Diff command is used in git to track the difference between the changes made on a file. This tool takes two inputs and reflects the differences between them. It is not necessary that these inputs are files only. It can be branches, working trees, commits and more.

Features:

• Multiple backups available
• Cross-platform
• No extra tools or plug-ins needed

Pros:

• Easy branching and merging available
• Free source
• Easy-to-use
• Efficient

Cons:

• A few confusing merging issues
• No native GUI

git-diff

git diff to compare files

15. P4Merge

P4Merge is a visual diff tool used to display the differences between file versions. It helps you to resolve conflicts and merge competing versions into one. You can use P4Merge to track and compare the effects of your work free of cost.

Features:

• Compare JPEG, GIF, TIFF, BMP, and other file formats
• Highlight differences on overlaid images
• Extend using the Qt API
• Display line numbers when comparing and merging files
• Ability to visualize your merges
• Able to handle multiple file types

Pros:

• Cross-platform
• Highly configurable
• Clever auto resolution

Cons:

• UI can be confusing in the beginning
• Lags on larger files
• Directory composition not supported

p4merge

p4merge

16. Sublime Merge

Sublime Merge is a free merge and diff tool used to compare code side-by-side to resolve conflicts before merging changes. It has an ability to search for specific commits, command line integration, code and file history, and syntax highlighting.

Features:

• Easily merging
• Availability of two-way and three-way diff
• Built-in support for Mercurial, Git, and Subversion commands

Pros:

• Changes are highlighted
• Interactive
• Patience diff algorithm
• Scroll Sync
• Clean and readable interface
• Undo and redo available
• Configurability
• No such external tools required

Cons:

• Only light mode available for evaluation

sublime merge

Sublime Merge Tool

17. DiffPlug

DiffPlug is another great diff tool that is available on every platform for free. It is used to view, edit and compare files.

Features:

• Block merge

Pros:

• Designed for “correct” behavior

diffplug

diffplug tool

18. Code Compare

Code Compare is a free of cost diff tool to compare and merge files and folders. It shipped as a standalone file diff tool and a Visual Studio extension. It allows you to work with your sources without any additional environments and pre-installations, that provides you higher application performance.

Features:

• Integrates with TFS, SVN, Git, Mercurial, and Perforce
• Colored blocks for edited text
• Visual Studio integration

Pros:

• Filtering options for including or excluding specific file and folder types
• Easily merge through the point and click mechanism with a mouse

Cons:

• Slow launch time

code compare

code compare tool

19. DiffPDF

DiffPDF is a simple and easy to use tool used for comparing two PDF files and let your display the differences. By default, it compares two files by text. It also allows you to compare image and graph.

Features:

• Compare text
• View changes
• Exclude Margins
• Set page ranges
• Generate reports

Pros:

• Free and Open surce
• Words Comparison Mode
• Characters Comparison Mode
• Designed to produce more accurate results

diffpdf

diffpdf tool

20. Mergely

Mergely is an online document merger and diff making application. It is used for viewing and merging changes between files online. It is a pure Javascript library that helps you to enhance your online CMS system.

Features:

• Ability to track your file changes online
• Pure Javascript/HTML5
• Accessibility of a browser-based differencing tool

Pros:

• Easy-to-use
• Free of cost
• Diff/merge changes in web apps

Cons:

• No office suites
• Terrible cloud storage

mergely

Mergely Tool

Conclusion

As you can see, there are endless options to choose from, some diff/merge/compare tools are costly while others are completely free, some work on all operating systems while others are only compatible with one. If you are a developer who requires a good-quality, configurable, and easy-to-use diff tool to compare your file contents, we hope our article was able to provide help and maybe clear the confusion if you had any.

We would recommend Diffuse, Meld, KDiff3, and Beyond Compare as some of the best choices.

Hitesh Jethva 3:00 am

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